1. From "The Charge of the Light Brigade": "Theirs not to reason why, / Theirs but to do and die".
"Crack" or "craic" is a term which in Britain means conversation involving news or gossip. It comes into English by way of the Irish (whence the spelling "craic") which in turn derives from the Middle English "crak" (loud, bragging talk). (Russell sent me down this path, and everything I know about the subject I learned from Wikipedia, which is an online encyclopedia--for the craic, check out the "Talk" sections!).
2. The Battle for Jerusalem of 1948 pitted Jewish and Arab militias against one another for control of the city. Eventually, the Jordanian Army got involved, and the battle ended with Jerusalem partitioned into areas of Israelis and Jordanian control.
A variant from 6/12/81, City Gardens, Trenton:
"An old school pal in a bar urinal / He used to push pills in Electric Circus/His dad pushed pills to Guy Burgess"
Martin, the field reporter on this one, maintains that "Guy Burgess was a British intelligence officer who passed secrets to the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The Electric Circus was a Manchester music venue where The Fall played in 1977."
3. Molotov cocktails are a common street fighting weapon that were deployed numerous times in Jerusalem in 1948. The makeshift bombs were notably employed to burn buses in the Hadassah medical convoy massacre during the period of the Battle for Jerusalem. The attack on a medical convoy was portayed as a war crime by the Israelis, but the vehicles also contained military supplies, complicating the status of the attack vis-à-vis the Geneva Conventions.
A "turn-up" means an unexpected piece of good luck, as in turning up a card and finding you have a fourth ace.
5. Rasputin was a mysterious and charismatic figure, a mystic who became heavily influential with the Russian Imperial Romanov family, and was a controversial figure accused of sexual progligacy and antinomian practices and beliefs. Whitechapel is a district in East London.
Danny and Hiccup Percy suggest that this passage has to do with the theories one occasionally hears about fly agaric mushrooms (Amanita Muscaria
). The psychedelic effects of ingesting the mushroom are said to be responsible for the origin of philosophy and religions; the mushroom is identified with the mysterious Soma
spoken of in the Vedas; Christ is even said to be a fictional character, an allegory for the mushroom; and the iconic caps are said to be hidden in plain sight
in artworks throughout the centuries...such ideas have been kicking around, seemingly, for ages, and have been popularized in the writings of Terence McKenna and The Sacred Mushroom and the Cross
(1970), a notorious book by John Allegro that popularised his theory that the bidlical character of Christ is an allegory for the Amanita mushroom. Such theories were (somewhat) famously lampooned by the Russian musician and artist Sergey Kuryokhin in the radio routine "Lenin Was A Mushroom
As vaguely familiar as all this was to me, I hadn't realized that Santa Claus was part of the act, but my comment section patrons have removed the scales from my eyes--the Wikipedia page for Amanita Muscaria
even has a section about St. Nick
. The moral of the story is that one should never underestimate the comprehensive sweep of the imagination of the mushroom cultist (although some of these notions may actually have merit--I don't know enough about it to sort the wheat from the chaff; I don't want to discourage anyone from investigating further, though).
The reference to Whitechapel brings Jack the Ripper to mind, and according to my sources (below) there is a connection (although not a historically valid one) between Jack the Ripper and Rasputin. Again Wikipedia
serves up the goods:
Alexander Pedachenko (alleged dates 1857–1908) was named in the 1923 memoirs of William Le Queux, Things I Know about Kings, Celebrities and Crooks. Le Queux claimed to have seen a manuscript in French written by Rasputin stating that Jack the Ripper was an insane Russian doctor named Alexander Pedachenko, an agent of the Okhrana (the Secret Police of Imperial Russia), whose aim in committing the murders was to discredit Scotland Yard. He was supposedly assisted by two accomplices: "Levitski" and a tailoress called Winberg. However, there is no hard evidence that Pedachenko ever existed, and many parts of the story as recounted by Le Queux fall apart when examined closely. For example, one of the sources named in the manuscript was a London-based Russian journalist called Nideroest, who was known for inventing sensational stories. Reviewers of Le Queux's book were aware of Nideroest's background, and unabashedly referred to him as an "unscrupulous liar". Pedachenko was promoted as a suspect by Donald McCormick, who may have developed the story by adding his own inventions.
In general, then, the verse is an ingenious farrago of conspiracy theories and crackpot history, for which MES has proclained a predilection, for instance in an interview with Vulture
: "I read daft history books. Sometimes the books I read are a bit crackers or strange."
6. Dave Tucker played some clarinet on Slates
, and also played that instrument and keyboards at some Fall gigs. He spoke to Dave Simpson for the latter book The Fallen
, which interviews every former Fall member up to the time of its printing (2010). Here is what he had to say about the song (via Reformation
Dave Tucker, interviewed by Dave Simpson for the book "The Fallen" (Canongate, 2008) suggests that the song refers to him, "having been identified by the scrutinising Smith as someone prone to exaggeration. The song describes a 'David' who reckoned he'd had a run in with a policeman, but suggests Smith didn't believe him.
'It's true', pleads Tucker. 'I was in the cells the next day.'"
7. Wakefield Prison is in West Yorkshire. It mainly houses sex offenders, and has been dubbed the "Monster Mansion." Spy Klaus Fuchs, who supplied information to the Soviets concerning both British and American nuclear weapons research, was confined at Wakefield between 1951 and 1959 (a bit more than "18 months," but espionage nonetheless). Dr. Harold Shipman, who was convicted of administering lethal doses of morphine to his patients, committed suicide within the walls of Wakefield Prison (see also "What About Us?
"). As for walking around the jail, one historian has claimed that the popular children's rhyme "Here We Go 'Round the Mulberry Bush" originated among women prisoners at Wakefiled, who would circumambulate through the yard, which contains a large mulberry tree (the veracity of this is doubtful, however MES may have been aware of the attribution).
This refers to the dubious family of theories that links Christian theology or origins, or the Santa Claus myth, to the the psychoactive fly agaric fungus:
Plausibly, Corporation Street in Manchester: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corporation_Street,_Manchester
"My mother was Polish. Well... the gentleman who is known to the Press as Jack the Ripper was a close friend of my father's. His name was Sergei Pedachenko, and he came from the same village as Grigory Efimovitch Rasputin. In fact, he was a relative by law of Grigory Efimovitch....
Well, Grigory Efimovitch and Sergei Fyodorovitch belonged to one of the raskolniki, that is to say, a heretical sect, known as the Khlysty. And the Khylsty believed in salvation through sin. You understand? A fine theological point, as you will recognise. The more one sins, the more one can repent."
The Siberian mushroom Santa
Was in fact Rasputin's brother
And he didst walk round Whitechapel
To further the religion of forgiven sin murder
Siberian mushroom Santa - this stuff is well known:
Seeing Whitechapel and murder in consecutive lines immediately makes one think of Jack the Ripper, which makes this of interest in context of the whole verse:
I particularly like the William de Queux link - that he was regarded as a teller of tall stories and was included in an anthology, with an introduction by Michael Moorcock, which was published in 1975 and reprinted in 1976. I'd put money on MES having seen this book.
I must disagree with conclusions though, and as I would comment on another song, this song also starts with the key here:
"Got eighteen months for espionage"
This song is about espionage. Where pederasts are used to blackmail politicians, where Israel and the Jews are being blamed for Jesuit controlled workings of espionage, and the role of the Anglican Church as a tool to indoctrinate and spy on the British population. More indoctrination tools are there, but in this song Rasputin is your typical infiltration into nobility.
Espionage decides who is in power, and uses fantastic lies to achieve targets.
I am not going to give more information here, because from my viewpoint, MES is a British hero. The songs New Puritan is also based on the forgeries within religion, but the comment over here that I saw believes all kinds of fantastic lies. Wikipedia is a list of fantastic lies, don't take anything serious there than years numbers.
Maybe I may remind you of mushroom clouds from nuclear blasts.
The way Israel would get Nuclear weapons, was from selling children for nuclear medical treatment against ringworm. Israel has nuclear weapons, and thus may be the reference MES tries to make here, rather than mushroom connection to religion, or the military hippie spy Terence McKenna. More important will be, pedophilia is the most used means to control politicians, and folks going to jail for that are the lower ones on that system. It is espionage services that handle the children, therefor, the end and the beginning of the lyrics connect in my understanding perfectly as an indirect explanation of reality to the audience, that is in the fog or not in reality about prisons, church and politics.
British Puritans where opposing the Anglican Church, and therefor all government. The songs "New Puritan" and "Reformation" have in fact the same content as this one.
Whatever you understand from my words has my utter respect!
for non-Oirish readers: highly interesting etymology of the word crack as craic
nice to know it's not just a new form of old Irish fun, but a borrowed form of good Northern chat or verbal entertainment.
(and the phrase" he didn't crack on')
"An old school pal in a bar (?) / He used to push pills in Electric Circus/His dad pushed pills to Guy Burgess"
[If anyone cares to tell us what the (?) is then the song can be heard here on youtube:
Guy Burgess was a British intelligence officer who passed secrets to the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The Electric Circus was a Manchester music venue where The Fall played in 1977.
Also I assume "What a turn-up!" is a thing? It of course could otherwise be "What a turnip!" although I have no idea why it should be.
Mate, it's "in a bar urinal"..
This is the article where Lux Interior and Poison Ivy describe how they met:
"The Sacred Mushroom and the Cross" (1970) is the notorious book by John Allegro that popularised his mushroom/Christ theory. While the song post-dates any meeting between MES and The Cramps, and so it is possible that MES learned of this stuff from them, it's also true that the book and the theory had been relatively popular and well-known for many years before they would have met, and it is not at all implausible that MES had already the read the book or absorbed the theory.
The idea that MES would only have learned about this from a conversation with Poison Ivy and Lux Interior about how they met, seems much less plausible, to me, particularly given the Colin Wilson lyrical connection I note above. We also know MES read a great deal of Colin Wilson stuff, and Colin Wilson referred to all these theories about fly agaric in his books (eg, "Mysteries", first published in 1978, just for example).
From the interview with Escape (http://thefall.org/news/990314.html#escape), Spring 1989:
So if MES happened to have missed the Khlysty in Colin Wilson, he certainly seems to have got to the same, or a similar, place through Isaac Bashevis Singer.
But MES was a fan of Dick and this has the same mushroom Christ trip going on.
A reference to possession and exorcism, a la Spectre vs Rector?
[can't make out the first line, ends with something like "orange hairs"]
Some years back in the E. Circus
His dad sold brown flares to Guy Burgess [this was "pills" in some live versions, maybe it's "brown clears"?]
A few other things. MES is deliberately stuttering in one line: "And you just c-can't g-get the words".
I thought it was "Hell!" after "Some people think that if they had a job they'd be well". Like "hell no". It's "Crap!" on the Fall in a Hole version.
"Got a lying friend called David" rather than "No lie..."
The version on Fall in a Hole has a bit which alludes to the story of "Wings":
US Civil War Johnnies
Ambush under Ardwick Bridge
US Civil War Johnnies
Refugees from potato famine
Speaking of which, this song seems to be about ridiculous stories of adventure told by drunkards in the pub, which ties in with the video for "Wings" and the "pub incident" bit in "The Man Whose Head Expanded". And seemed to reflect how MES got the inspiration for most of his songs.
In early versions of the song he actually sang '(I made a list... ' which is closer textually to 'Here is', in that it reads like an introduction to the rest of the song in a way that 'There is...' doesn't.
Could you say where the assertion about the lyric being 'There is...' comes from?
Maybe this comment should've been on the Wings page!
Anyway, I've responded over on the Wings page. Interesting debate.
RE: "There is" - this is what I hear on record.
Can you imagine life without The Fall...??
Surely it's "chick" not "ching" A reference to a girl having an STD?